|Fine Art MA Digital Portfolio|


First piece made during MA

'The Rise and Slumber of the Worker' Oil on canvas, 4ftx4ft

'Mono-Repetitive-Repetitions' (Below) (Click on images to watch video)

The purpose of the video “Mono-repetitive repetitions” is an exploration into the amount of ‘wasted’ non-time myself and many others experience. While trying to create work to represent an array of common experiences, regarding time, moments that would be described as chrono-stasis and chrono-celeris, I discovered a lot of these experiences were during what I would describe as non-moments, moments of little productivity or procrastination. This also leads to the question “Are these moments ‘wastes’ of time? If so, what is an effective use of time?

Is a productive use of time working 9-5? In a capitalist society, yes, but from a humanistic, socialist point of view, no. Advancements in technology have led to a higher need/want for things, these things allow people to procrastinate far more frequently, due to all things being accessible at all times. Capitalism wants the individual to be accessible and on duty 24 hours of the day while feeding them with unnecessary temptations. To work, produce and consume, the time spent doing ‘nothing’ has been subsumed by consumption.Capitalism makes the individual question what they should be doing with their own time. Time not spent making money would be considered non-time (value of non work labor production time).

What is time used well? Learning? Helping others? Doing as you please?  Does something have to be done for time to matter?

Is a waste of time when nothing is being produced? When avoiding doing something else? Nothing is being gained mentally, physically or materially? Is it purely subjective? One person’s waste of time could be enriching for another.

Is there a common feeling of guilt in regards to wasting time?

Futile actions are essentially the only ‘non-time’

The intent of the action is also a contributing factor as towhether it is a non-time or a time of productivity or self gratification.

This concept is somewhat paradoxical. If someone is using their time in a non productive manner but enjoy it, it’s not a waste of time. Wasting time isn’t wasting time if the purpose was to waste time. 

'It's About Time'

The dominant topic involved in my work is temporal perception in conjunction with socio-economic theory, which adds to the conversation around how we use our time and why we use it in that way. Also, is there such a thing as ‘wasting time’? Due to time having a monetary value placed upon it, precludes large parts of societies’ focus on individual and societal betterment, although the definition of societal betterment can be interpreted subjectively.

The concept for this body of work originated during my third year studying a BA in Photography. I was questioning the existence of time itself and how this was included within the still and moving image. My fixation during this period wasn’t so much about the perception and experience of time,but more the representation of it. My final piece “Time: Visualised” was well received, but didn’t delve deep enough into the issues at hand. By doing this, I had missed out a large proportion of potential research and analysis.

I have been building upon my knowledge in this field by broadening my research on the topic at hand (the concept of time), whilst also looking at (theoretically) extraneous subjects such as Capitalism and technology. This has, in turn, led to me examining our current society and how it functions within the constraints of the hegemony of Capitalism, and how this social structure bleeds into and consumes all that wish to consume.

Time has been given the illusion of physicality via clocks, since their inception they have been used to control the productivity and activity of societies. Some theorists have argued that this works against what they call a ‘natural’ human work rhythm. As noted by E.P Thompson:

“The work pattern was one of alternate bouts of intense labour and of idleness, wherever men were in control of their own working lives. (The pattern persists among some self-employed -artists, writers, small farmers, and perhaps also with students - today, and provokes the question whether it is not a "natural" human work-rhythm).”E. P. Thompson, Past & Present, No. 38 (Dec., 1967), pp. 56-97

This extract opens upthe dialectic of my questioning ‘What is a waste of time’. Quite often, it is only laborious activities that result in the making of money that are seen as ‘productive’. The term ‘idleness’ could mean a number of things. In the eyes of Thompson it seems idleness is merely not labouring. For many, while not labouring they could be partaking in activities that are enriching in other ways, such as reading or just spending time with family or friends (these things fulfill human needs but could be seen as a waste of time from a capitalist perspective).


New Art West Midlands - The Herbert Art Gallery and Museum - Friday 26 February 2016 to Sunday 24 April 2016

Shutter Collective 'Fragments' - The Works Gallery, Birmingham - April 2015 (Exhibited and curated) 

Unit 26 Pop-Up Exhibition, Wulfrun Center, Wolverhampton - April 2015

Shutter Collective 'Places' - The Light House, Wolverhampton - January 2015 (Exhibited and curated)

Using Format